Artificial Intelligence-enabled platforms will take time to mature, so AI will remain a strategic enabler for the time being. Before AI reaches a more substantial level of autonomy, human operators will continue to exert control over AI-enabled systems and technologies. Although AI could enhance the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy, a number of unintended legal, ethical and operational consequences could occur.
The implications of AI for EU security and defence are largely unknown, but it could help the EU enhance its security and defence threat and risk detection, protection and preparation capabilities, as well as improve the Union’s defence production capacities.
While the EU is collectively one of the world leaders on academic research about AI, more attention is needed on translating basic research into applied research and innovation in the civil and defence sectors.